University North Central Writing Center
has essentially three steps:
Pre-writing--perhaps the most important step.
If done carefully, the actual writing is much easier.
includes some or all of the following:
a topic (or narrowing down and focusing a given topic idea).
a clear topic sentence about the focused subject.
Chunking, Freewriting about the focused subject.
and ordering the material from the list of ideas, which, in some cases, can lead
to a more organized outline.
approach to focusing on a topic is to ask questions about the subject:
topic--My Favorite Place
What is my favorite place?
Why is it my favorite?
What does it look like?
How do I feel when I am there?
What details made it a special place for me--
colors? people? sounds? smells? things?
ways of narrowing a topic:
Simply, randomly divide a large topic into smaller parts
These topics can be narrowed further by focusing on limiting factors:
a particular type--Rock music
a particular place--Rock music in America
a particular person--American rock music singer Bob Seger
a particular experience--the first time you saw Bob Seger in concert
from Rita Racktenwald’s The Writing
Center’s Choice Book. University
of Louisville, 1982.