University North Central Writing Center Handout
Plagiarism through ignorance
A. paraphrases not documented
B. facts not documented
C. quotations not within quotes
When to cite a source
A. when you use any fact, any idea, or any opinion which you acquire from
B. when you summarize any discussion from a source
C. when you directly use any
wording taken from a source
3. Beware of
near-quotations! If you wish to
summarize anything from a source, make certain that you do not just rearrange
the wording. Digest the material
first. Then ask yourself,
"What did he or she say about that?"
Then set aside the source and write your summary.
When you are finished, check the source for the accuracy of your idea.
4. The basic principle
is as follows: The reader must
assume that anything not documented is wholly yours and that anything not within
quotation marks is totally your composition.
You may say, "Then almost everything will be documented."
That should not be the case. Writers
consults sources other than themselves in order to develop their thesis and
present their view of the topic. The
paper is their discussion of the thesis supported by research.
5. One final reminder:
Do not use direct quotations for
padding. Save them for times
when to use any wording other than your source's would weaken the content of